Understanding RA 11058: What Every Employee Needs to Know

Learn about RA 11058, the landmark law strengthening Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) standards for safer workplaces nationwide.

Table of Contents

Main Key Takeaways:

Enhanced Safety Standards

RA 11058 mandates rigorous compliance with Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) standards across all sectors in the Philippines, ensuring workplaces are free from hazards that endanger workers' health and safety.

Worker Empowerment

The law guarantees workers the right to refuse unsafe work, receive appropriate training, and access necessary personal protective equipment (PPE), empowering them to participate actively in maintaining workplace safety.

Comprehensive OSH Programs

Covered workplaces must implement comprehensive safety and health programs, overseen by an OSH Committee and managed by a designated Safety Officer, to enforce and monitor compliance with OSH standards effectively.

Qualified Occupational Health Personnel

It mandates that workplaces have onsite qualified occupational health personnel and necessary medical supplies to provide immediate medical attention in case of emergencies, ensuring prompt response to workplace health issues.

Penalties for Non-Compliance

RA 11058 imposes penalties on employers failing to adhere to OSH standards, fostering accountability and encouraging proactive measures to protect workers' well-being.

Broad Applicability

The law applies to all establishments, projects, and sites across various economic sectors in the Philippines, except the public sector, ensuring uniform safety standards across industries.

Legislative Support

Enacted in 2018, RA 11058 reflects the Philippine government's commitment to enhancing workplace safety and health, aligning with international OSH standards to improve overall workplace conditions.

Impact on Workplace Culture

It promotes a culture of safety and health by requiring active participation from employers, employees, and stakeholders in implementing and maintaining OSH standards.

Economic and Productivity Benefits

By reducing workplace accidents and illnesses, RA 11058 contributes to lower healthcare costs, decreased absenteeism, and enhanced productivity among workers.

Long-Term Safety Gains

Over time, the law aims to significantly reduce occupational injuries and illnesses, safeguarding the country's workforce and contributing to sustainable economic development.

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Brief Overview of RA 11058 and the OSHS of the Philippines

Did you know that the Labor Code of 1974 provided provisions for workers safety and health? And later, it provided the groundwork for OSHS that were formally established in 1978. These detailed regulations outline safety requirements for various workplaces in the Philippines.

Over the years, the OSHS underwent several updates and amendments to address emerging occupational safety and health (OSH) concerns and to alight with international standards. 

A significant update occurred in 2018 with RA 11058, also known as the “Act Strengthening Compliance with Occupational Safety and Health Standards and Providing Penalties for Violations Thereof”.

RA 11058 reinforced the existing OSHS by mandating more stringent safety protocols, enhancing worker protection, and promoting a culture of safety and health in workplaces across the Philippines.

In this blog post, you will gain understanding of RA 11058 and its IRR DO 198-18. We will highlight its significance, key provisions, and impact it has on workers and employers based on the latest data available to us.

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What is RA 11058 and Its Significance?

RA 11058, formally known as the “Act Strengthening Compliance with Occupational Safety and Health Standards,” is a landmark legislation in the Philippines that mandates strict adherence to Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Standards.

It clearly describes the responsibilities of employers, employees, and other persons in ensuring compliance with Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Standards. It encompasses all establishments, projects, sites, and any locations where work is conducted across various economic sectors, including those overseen by the Philippine Economic Zone Authority, with the exception of the public sector.

RA 11058 is significant because it guarantees workers the right to be informed about workplace hazards, to refuse unsafe work, to report accidents to authorities, and to receive necessary personal protective equipment (PPE).

It is also significant because it mandates that all covered workplaces implement a comprehensive safety and health program, establish an OSH Committee to oversee the program’s enforcement, and appoint a Safety Officer to mange the program. 

Furthermore, these workplaces must have on-site qualified occupational health personnel, such as doctors, nurses, certified first aiders, and dentists, along with the requisite medical supplies, equipment, and facilities.

When was RA 11058 Enacted?

RA 11058 was enacted on August 17, 2018. This date marks a significant milestone in the Philippine labor landscape. On this day, the Philippine government intensified efforts to enhance workplace safety and health standards.

Senator Joel Villanueva was the principal author of this law. Former President Rodrigo Duterte officially signed it into law on August 17, 2018. 

RA 11058’s Implementing Rules and Regulations was signed on December 6, 2018. It took effect on January 4, 2019.

What are the Main Goals and Objectives of RA 11058?

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1. Ensure Safe and Healthful Workplaces

RA 11058 aims to provide a working environment free from hazards that can cause injury, illness, or death. Employers are required to implement safety measures and provide the necessary protective equipment to ensure the safety and health of their workers.

2. Full Protection Against Workplace Hazards

RA 11058 seeks to afford workers full protection against all hazards in their work environment. This includes compliance with the provisions of the Labor Code of the Philippines, all domestic laws, and internationally recognized OSH standards.

3. Prevention of Workplace Accidents and Illnesses

By implementing strict safety and health measures, RA 11058 aims to reduce the occurrence of workplace accidents and illnesses, thereby conserving valuable manpower resources and preventing loss or damage to lives and properties.

4. Promote Workers' Rights

The law enshrines workers’ rights to know about workplace hazards, refuse unsafe work, report accidents to authorities, and receive necessary personal protective equipment (PPE). This ensures that workers are well-informed and protected in their work environment.

5. Implementation of Comprehensive OSH Programs

RA 11058 mandates that all covered workplaces have a comprehensive safety and health program in place. This includes establishing an OSH Committee to oversee the program’s enforcement and appointing a Safety Officer to manage the program.

6. Availability of Qualified Occupational Health Personnel

The law requires that workplaces have on-site qualified occupational health personnel, such as physicians, nurses, certified first aiders, and dentists, along with the necessary medical supplies, equipment, and facilities. This ensures that immediate medical attention is available in case of workplace accidents or health issues.

7. Enforcement of Accountability

To ensure compliance, RA 11058 provides for penalties against employers who fail to adhere to the stipulated OSH standards. This promotes accountability and ensures that employers take the necessary steps to protect their workers.

8. Dynamic and Inclusive OSH Policies

RA 11058 promotes the formulation and implementation of strict but dynamic, inclusive, and gender-sensitive policies and programs related to OSH. This ensures that all workers, regardless of gender or other demographics, are protected and included in safety measures.

What are the Key Provisions of RA 11058?

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RA 11058 applies to all establishments, projects, sites, including those within the PEZA and any other locations where work is conducted across all economic sectors, excluding the public sector.

The Secretary of DOLE shall establish the relevant occupational safety and health standards, taking into account the number of employees, the nature of operations, and the associated risks or hazards.

1. Duties of Employers, Contractors, and Supervisors

RA 11058 outlines specific duties for employers, contractors, and supervisors to ensure the safety and health of workers. This includes providing a hazard-free workplace, proper training, and compliance with OSH standards.

  1. Ensure a workplace free from hazardous conditions likely to cause death, illness, or physical harm.
  2. Provide complete job safety instructions and proper orientation to all workers.
  3. Control chemical, physical, and biological substances to eliminate health risks.
  4. Use industry-approved devices and equipment.
  5. Comply with OSH standards, including training, medical examinations, and the provision of PPE and safety devices.
  6. Facilitate active participation of workers and their representatives in OSH management processes.
  7. Implement measures for emergency preparedness, including training and drills.
  8. Comply with all OSH reportorial requirements.
  9. Register the establishment with the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) as required by OSH standards.

2. Duties of Employees

RA 11058 defines the responsibilities of workers to ensure adherence to OSH standards. This includes active participation in safety programs, proper use of safety devices, and reporting hazards.
  1. Engage in capacity-building activities related to safety, health, and OSH programs.
  2. Properly use all safeguards and safety devices provided for their protection and that of others.
  3. Follow instructions to prevent workplace accidents or imminent danger situations.
  4. Follow prescribed emergency procedures and participate in disaster drills.
  5. Report any discovered work hazards to their immediate supervisor or responsible safety personnel.

3. Duties of Other Persons

Anyone visiting, building, renovating, installing devices, or conducting business in any establishment or workplace must comply with the provisions of RA 11058 and all regulations issued by the Secretary of Labor and Employment.

What are the Benefits of RA 11058?

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Implementing RA 11058 can result in reduced workplace accidents, improved employee well-being, and increased productivity. Although data from DOLE and PSA still indicate high numbers, the implementation of RA 11058 has been improving safety and health conditions in workplaces throughout the Philippines.

1. Improved Workplace Safety and Health

RA 11058 significantly enhances workplace safety and health by mandating strict compliance with OSH standards. This leads to safer working environments, reducing the risk of injuries, illnesses, and fatalities among workers.

2. Reduction in Workplace Accidents and Illnesses

With the implementation of comprehensive safety measures, regular training, and proper use of safety equipment, the incidence of workplace accidents and illnesses decreases. This not only protects workers but also minimizes disruptions to business operations.

Based on data from the Department of Labor and Employment and the Philippine Statistics Authority from 2003 to 2021, there has been a significant decrease in the number of reported cases of occupational injuries across major industry groups.

YearTotal Cases
200358,720
200746,570
202127,636
Cases of Occupational Injuries With and Without Workdays Lost by Major Industry Group from 2003, 2007 and 2021

3. Enhanced Productivity and Employee Morale

A safe and healthy workplace boosts employee morale and job satisfaction, leading to higher productivity. Workers who feel protected and valued are more likely to perform better and contribute positively to the organization.

4. Economic Benefits for Businesses and the Economy

By reducing workplace accidents and illnesses, businesses can save on costs related to medical expenses, compensation, and lost workdays. Moreover, a healthier and more productive workforce contributes to the overall economic growth and development of the country.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the purpose of RA 11058?

RA 11058 aims to strengthen compliance with Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) standards in the Philippines, ensuring safer workplaces for all.

2. Who does RA 11058 apply to?

RA 11058 applies to all establishments, projects, and sites across various economic sectors in the Philippines, excluding the public sector.

3. What are the key responsibilities of employers under RA 11058?

Employers are required to provide a hazard-free workplace, conduct regular training, and ensure compliance with OSH standards to protect workers’ safety and health.

4. How does RA 11058 benefit workers?

RA 11058 guarantees workers the right to be informed about workplace hazards, refuse unsafe work, and receive necessary personal protective equipment (PPE) for their protection.

5. When did RA 11058 take effect?

RA 11058 was enacted on August 17, 2018, with its Implementing Rules and Regulations signed on December 6, 2018, and took effect on January 4, 2019.

In Summary: RA 11058: Important Things Employees Need to Understand in the Philippines

In summary, RA 11058 marks a significant advancement in Philippine labor legislation, reinforcing the commitment to occupational safety and health standards while safeguarding the well-being and rights of workers across diverse industries. Its comprehensive approach highlights the importance of proactive safety measures, worker empowerment, and sustained enforcement to create safer and more productive work environments nationwide.

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